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Hair Loss & Alopecia

Alopecia — the medical term for hair loss — develops in men and women for many possible reasons, including:

Nutritional deficiencies
Certain medications
Undergoing cancer treatment
Wearing tight braids and ponytails
Emotional or physiological stress (telogen effluvium)
Autoimmune conditions (alopecia areata)
Fungal infections
Medical conditions such as lupus and thyroid disease can also lead to thinning hair. The most common type of hair loss is caused by a genetic condition called androgenetic alopecia.

What type of hair loss is androgenetic alopecia?
Androgenetic alopecia — also called male pattern baldness and female pattern baldness — is an inherited condition that makes your hair follicles hypersensitive to hormones. As a result, the follicles gradually shrink. At first, the follicle produces thinner hair, but over time, it stops growing hair completely.

Male pattern baldness
Male pattern baldness typically begins with a receding hairline and loss of hair on the crown of the head. Hair loss continues in both areas until all that remains is a ring of hair around the sides and back.

Female pattern baldness
Female pattern baldness follows a different pattern compared to male pattern baldness. Women experience overall thinning. The thinning may start around your part and expand from there, or it may affect your entire head, with the first noticeable thinning often on top of the scalp.

How is hair loss treated?
The team at Associated Dermatologists first performs a thorough exam to determine the cause of your hair loss. In some cases, such as in thyroid disease or lupus, they can trigger hair growth by treating the underlying health condition. Auto-immune hair loss, such as alopecia areata, can be treated with injections and several topical therapies.

If you have androgenetic alopecia, there are diverse treatment options, including medication, platelet-rich plasma, and hair transplant.

Medication
Minoxidil is a topical medication that triggers new hair growth and slows hair loss. Men may also stimulate hair regrowth by taking an oral medication called finasteride. Women may be a candidate for oral spironolactone.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections
PRP is made from your blood and contains a high concentration of platelets. When your provider injects PRP or uses microneedling to infuse PRP into the balding areas of your scalp, the platelets stimulate new hair growth, slow down hair loss, and increase hair thickness.

Hair transplant
Today’s hair transplant techniques allow doctors to harvest individual follicles from areas of healthy hair and transplant them into balding areas, creating a natural appearance. Your dermatologist can recommend the best local transplant surgeon to address your needs.

For advanced treatments for hair loss, call Associated Dermatologists or schedule an appointment online today.